Cardinal John Henry Newman, D.D. C.O.
Doctor of Divinity, John Henry Newman was one of the foremost religious writers of 19th century.
He was born in the family of a London banker, ordinary member of the established Anglican Church. At school Newman underwent a profound religious conversion, which was to determine the rest of his life as a quest for spiritual perfection.
In 1825 he became an evangelical Oxford academic and priest in the Church of England. In 1833 he had organized the Oxford Movement. The Movement, which spread rapidly, was intended to combat three evils threatening the Church of England – spiritual stagnation, interference from the state, and doctrinal unorthodoxy. The religious opinions and principles of the Movement were given in a series of 90 papers called the Tracts for the Times, published in Oxford from 1833 to 1841.
On October 9, 1845, he was received into the Roman Catholic Church.
In 1851 the Bishops of Ireland decided to establish a separate University for Catholics, and invited Newman to become its founder and first Rector (1851-1858).
His most famous work, «Apologia Pro Vita Sua», was published in April-June, 1864.
During old age, Newman worked in Birmingham, quietly writing, preaching and counselling.