Church. Personalities. Basil the Great

   
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John Chrysostom Church. Personalities Gregory of Nazianzus

Saint Basil the Great (греч. Μέγας Βασίλειος)

Born:  330; Caesarea, Cappadocia, Asia Minor (Turkey)
Died: January 1, 379; Caesarea, Cappadocia, Asia Minor (Turkey)

Basil the Great (greek: Μέγας Βασίλειος)

Basil of Caesarea (greek: Βασίλειος Καισαρείας),

Basil the Great was bishop of Caesarea and one of the Three Holy Hierarchs, together with Saints Gregory the Theologian (Gregory Nazianzus) and John Chrysostom. Basil, Gregory the Theologian, and Basil's brother Saint Gregory of Nyssa are called the Cappadocian Fathers. The Roman Catholic Church also considers him a saint and calls him a Doctor of the Church.

One liturgy attributed to Saint Basil is The Divine Liturgy of Saint Basil the Great, which is still used on every Sunday of Great Lent and January 1, when his memory is celebrated.

The Doctors of the Church said that property is theft

“In Basil the Great, and especially in John Chrysostom, may be met judgments upon social injustice due to wealth and property, so sharp that Proudhon and Marx pale before them.” (N. A. Berdyaev)

The sins of Christians, the sins of the historical churches, have been very great, and these sins bring with them their just punishment. Betrayal of the covenant of Christ, the use of the Christian Church for the support of the ruling classes, human weakness being what it is, cannot but bring about the lapse from Christianity of those who are compelled to suffer from that betrayal and from such a distortion of Christianity. In the Prophets, in the Gospels, in the Apostolic Epistles, in most of the Doctors of the Church, we find censure of the riches of the rich and repudiation of property, and the affirmation of the equality of all men before God. In Basil the Great, and especially in John Chrysostom, may be met judgments upon social injustice due to wealth and property, so sharp that Proudhon and Marx pale before them. The Doctors of the Church said that property is theft. St. John Chrysostom was a complete communist, though of course his was not communism of the capitalist or the industrial period. There are good grounds for asserting that communism has Christian or Judaic-Christian origins.[*]


[*] Gеrаrd Wаltег — «Lеs огiginеs du Cоmmunismе».

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