^{7}
And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,

^{8}
And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle:

the number of whom
*is*
as the sand of the sea.
Let us assume that we have a variable and that it varies not just in any way but in a determinate way — precisely in such a way that it becomes greater or smaller than any constant finite
*quantum*
of the same kind. In every state this variable is finite;
but in our understanding the combination of these states differs from the combination of any arbitrary chosen states. In this sense we say that our
*quantum*
is a
*potential infinity*, since it can become greater than any other
*quantum*. Thus potential infinity does not represent any
*quantum*
taken in itself, but only a special way of considering a
*quantum*, namely, in connection with the character of its special variation. Potential infinity, according to Cantor, is not an idea but only an auxiliary notion;
it is
*ens rationis*
according to Stökl's apt expression. In short, potential infinity is the same thing that the aicients called
*apeiron*, the scholastics called
*syncategorematice infinitum*
or
*indefinitum*, and the modern philosophers call bad or, more precisely, simple infinity,
*schlechte Unendlichkeit*.