Yurkevich Pamfil Danilovich
Pamfil Danilovich Yurkevich — Russian idealist philosopher and teacher.
born — February 16 (28)1826, Poltava, Russia
Son of a priest;
The Heart and Its Significance in the Spiritual Life of Man
Has developed a peculiar variant of Christian Platonism. The idea of Yurkevich — objectively real essence of things, its raison d'etre, "rule" and "law" of its existence. Recognizing the importance of experience and observation, put forward the demand to find and interpret the idea of a phenomenon existing reality.
At the heart of anthropology Yurkevich — biblical teaching about the role of the "heart" as the focus of the spiritual life of man, which, according to Yurkevich precondition for true knowledge. Idealist criticism Yurkevich work by Chernyshevsky, "The Anthropological Principle in Philosophy", marked the beginning of a stormy debate (statements by Chernyshevsky, M.A. Antonovich, etc.), which had wide public resonance. From the Marxist standpoint Yurkevich criticized Plekhanov. Themes work Yurkevich largely determined responsive the subsequent development of philosophical idealism in Russia (e.g., in Vl. Solovyov, P.A. Florensky, partly G.G. Shpet etc.).
Cit.: Idea, "Journal of the Ministry of Education, 1859, Vol. 10-11, Dep. 2; "The heart and its significance in the spiritual life of man, the teaching of the Word of God", "Proceedings of the Kiev Theological Academy", 1860, Vol. 1, Dep. 2, "From the Science of the Human Spirit", ibid, 1860, Vol. 4; "Course of general pedagogy and applications", M., 1869.
Lit.: Solovyov Vladimir. On the philosophical writings of PD Yurkevich, Coll. cit., v. 1, SPB, b. PM; Hodzinsky A. Prof. philosophy PD Yurkevich, Har., 1915; Shpet GG, Philosophical heritage of P.D. Yurkevich, MA, 1915; Chernyshevski NG, Vol. coll. cit., v. 7, Moscow, 1950, pp. 725 — 74, Pantin IK, Cricket Chernyshevsky and MA Antonovich, a materialist theory of knowledge, in the book.: Essays on the history of philosophy in Russia, Moscow, 1960.