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Symeon the New Theologian Church. Personalities Gregory Palamas

Saint Seraphim of Sarov

Portrait Painted During His Life

Born Prokhor Moshnin (Прохор Мошнин)
Born: 1 August 1754, Kursk, Russian Empire
Died: 14 January 1833 (aged 73), Sarov, Russian Empire
Canonized: 19 July 1903, Sarov Monastery
Feast: 2/15 January (Repose), 19 July/1 August (Opening of relics)
Venerated in Eastern Orthodoxy, Eastern Catholicism

His father was a merchant, but business did not interest the devout boy. According to Orthodox Church tradition, a wonderworking icon of the Theotokos (Virgin Mary), Our Lady of Kursk healed the young boy. Seraphim later experienced a number of visions.

He died while kneeling before an "Umilenie" icon of the Theotokos which he called "Joy of all Joys". This icon is kept currently in the chapel of the residence of the Patriarch of Moscow.


Saint Seraphim of Sarov: “Acquire a peaceful spirit, and around you thousands will be saved.”


The true purpose of the Christian life
is the acquisition of the Holy Spirit

“He who is not with Me is against Me, and he who does not gather with Me scatters abroad.” (Mat 12:30)

Prayer, fasting, vigil and all other Christian activities, however good they may be in themselves, do not constitute the aim of our Christian life, although they serve as the indispensable means of reaching this end. The true aim of our Christian life consists in the acquisition of the Holy Spirit of God. As for fasts, and vigils, and prayer, and almsgiving, and every good deed done for Christ's sake, they are only means of acquiring the Holy Spirit of God. But mark, my son, only the good deed done for Christ's sake brings us the fruits of the Holy Spirit. All that is not done for Christ's sake, even though it be good, brings neither reward in the future life nor the grace of God in this. That is why our Lord Jesus Christ said: He who gathers not with Me scatters (Luke 11:23).

St. Seraphim of Sarov's Conversation
With Nicholas Motovilov

Rev. Seraphim of Sarov: Only determination distinguishes the righteous from the sinner.

…To the question once put to him about what distinguishes a perishing sinner from a saving righteous man or from a saint, the Monk Seraphim answered: only determination… Our salvation is in our will, in our firmness, in our unshakable determination to be God's to the end. The Lord gives His Spirit without measure, He gives His grace without measure — He gives everything, including Himself.

But we accept the grace and use the gifts of God to the extent of our willingness to accept what He gives — and exactly what He gives, and not what we want, and to bear the fruit that God expects from us.

Metropolitan Sourozhsky Anthony
Из проповеди
в день обретения мощей прп. Серафима Саровского. 1982 г.

Our task is the acquisition of divine Grace.

Even if your heart is grieved because you do not follow its lead and do not do what it loves, you do not need to obey him, because, having obeyed him, you will experience worldly joy first, and then worldly anxiety. If you do not obey your heart and it is upset that you did not follow its lead, and you rejoice in this, then divine Grace comes. And the acquisition of divine Grace is our task. That is, in order to acquire divine Grace, desires, even good ones, must be cut off, self-will must be cut off. Then the person calms down. And when he humbles himself, divine Grace comes. Having cooled to worldly things, the heart will rejoice spiritually. It is necessary, as far as possible, to learn to avoid worldly consolation, to engage in inner spiritual work in order to acquire divine consolation.

Elder Paisios the Holy Mountaineer
Мирские пожелания

God is pleased …
in the affirmation of the dogma of the resurrection, resurrect me

Repeatedly, — writes Motovilov, — I heard from the lips of the great saint of God, the elder Fr. Seraphim, that he will not lie with his flesh in Sarov. And then one day I dared to ask him: — Here you are, father, please keep saying that you will not lie in Sarov with your flesh. So the Sarovskiys will give you up somehow?

To this, the priest, smiling pleasantly and looking at me, deigned to answer me like this:

— Oh, your love of God, your love of God, how are you! For what Tsar Peter was the king of kings, and wished for the relics of to transfer the blessed Prince Alexander Nevsky from Vladimir to Petersburg, but the holy relics did not want to, and they are not in Petersburg.

— How did not want? I dared to object to the great old man. — How did not feel like it when they rest in St. Petersburg in the Alexander Nevsky Lavra? — In the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, you say? How is it so? In Vladimir, they rested at the autopsy, and in the Lavra under a bushel — why is that? And because, — said the priest, — that they are not there.

— And having spread a lot on this occasion with his bogi-speaking lips, Father Seraphim told me the following:

— I, a wretched Seraphim, from the Lord God is supposed to live much more than a hundred years. But since by that time the Russian bishops have become so impious that they will surpass the Greek bishops in the time of Theodosius the Younger in their wickedness, so that they will no longer even believe in the most important dogma of Christ's faith — the Resurrection of Christ and the general resurrection, then it is pleasing to the Lord God to take me, the wretched Seraphim, until the time of temporary life, and therefore, in affirmation of the dogma of the resurrection, resurrect me, and my resurrection will be like the resurrection of the seven youths in the cave of Okhlonskaya during the time of Theodosius the Youngest.

Having revealed this great and fearsome secret, the great elder told that after his resurrection he would move from Sarov to Diveevo and there he would open the sermon of universal repentance. For that sermon, and even more so for the miracle of the resurrection, a great multitude will gather to the people from all over the earth… And then the end of everything will soon come.

Such is the great Diveevo piety secret, discovered by me (S.A. Nilus, - ed.) in the handwritten notes of the Simbirsk conscientious judge Nikolai Alexandrovich Motovilov, the companion of the great seer of the prophetic rank — the reverend and God-bearing father of our Seraphim of Sarov and all Russia wonderworker.

(Nilus S.A. On the banks of God's river. Notes of the Orthodox. — San Francisco, USA, 1969. — V.2. — pp. 192-194; Russian Pilgrim, №2, 1990. — Chico, California, USA. — pp.93-96; Literary studies. — Bk.1, 1991. — pp.132-133; Fomin S. Russia before the second coming. — М.: Edition of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra, 1993. — pp.335-339; Saint of God Seraphim / Composition А. N. Strizhev. — М., 1993. — V.1. — pp.175-192)

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