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Resurrection of the dead Category: Bible Bible. Devotion/Consecration

Bible. Resurrection first

This is the first resurrection

1 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. Luk 8, 31. Rev 1, 18.
2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, 2Pe 2, 4. Jde 1, 6. Rev 12, 9.
3 And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.
4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived (καὶ ἔζησαν) and reigned with Christ (καὶ ἐβασίλευσαν μετὰ τοῦ Χριστοῦ) a thousand years. Dan 7, 9, 22. Dan 8, 17. Mat 19, 28. 1Co 6, 2. 2Ti 2, 12. Rev 6, 11.
5 But the rest of the dead lived not again (οὐκ ἀνἔζησαν) until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection (ἡ ἀνάστασις ἡ πρώτη).
6 Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection (ἐν τῇ ἀναστάσει τῇ πρώτῃ): on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years. Isa 61, 6. Rev 1, 6. Rev 21, 7.

13 But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others which have no hope.
14 For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. 1Co 15, 20.
15 For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. 1Co 15, 51.
16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first (οἱ νεκροὶ ἐν Χριστῷ ἀναστήσονται πρῶτον): Mat 24, 31. 2Th 1, 7.
17 Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air (εἰς ἀπάντησιν τοῦ κυρίου εἰς ἀέρα): and so shall we ever be with the Lord. Jhn 14, 3. Jhn 17, 24.
18 Wherefore comfort one another with these words.

11 I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy.
12 Now if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness?
13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office:
14 If by any means I may provoke to emulation them which are my flesh, and might save some of them.
15 For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead?

Saying that the resurrection is past already

16 But shun profane and vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness.
17 And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus;
18 Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.

As, then, there are two regenerations, of which I have already made mention — the one according to faith, and which takes place in the present life by means of baptism; the other according to the flesh, and which shall be accomplished in its incorruption and immortality by means of the great and final judgment — so are there also two resurrections — the one the first and spiritual resurrection, which has place in this life, and preserves us from coming into the second death; the other the second, which does not occur now, but in the end of the world, and which is of the body, not of the soul, and which by the last judgment shall dismiss some into the second death, others into that life which has no death.

The name of the first resurrection means the spiritual resurrection of people in Christianity, which begins through their conversion, justification and rebirth, according to the words: Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light (Eph 5:14; comp. John 5:24), and ends when the souls of true Christians move from real life, which was like death for them, into true life with Jesus Christ.

Ye are risen with Christ, we read many times in the Apostles (Col. 3:1 and 2:12; Eph. 2:5–6). Proceeding from this, by the thousand-year reign one must understand the period of time from the very beginning of the Kingdom of Grace of the Church of Christ, and in particular of the triumphant Church of heaven, until the end of the world. The Church which is militant upon earth in essence also is triumphant in the victory performed by the Saviour, but it is still undergoing battle with the “prince of this world,” a battle which will end with the defeat of Satan and the final casting of him into the lake of fire.

Fr. Michael Pomazansky
Orthodox dogmatic theology

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