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Peterffy, Thomas Society. Personalities Vladimir Solovyov

Society. Personalities. Aldous Huxley

Born: July 26, 1894; Surrey, England
Died: November 22, 1963; Los Angeles, California, USA

Aldous Leonard Huxley was a prolific English writer and social satirist. Best known for his novel "Brave New World", 1932, a «negative utopia» about a totalitarian society, where human individual identity was lost in the fast-paced technological progress.

An essay "Brave New World Revisited", an examination of the prophecies made in Brave New World, was brought out in 1958. In this essay, Huxley concluded that the world was becoming like "Brave New World" much faster than he originally thought.

Servitude is Strictly Objective

This concern with the basic condition of freedom — the absence of physical constraint — is unquestionably necessary, but is not all that is necessary. It is perfectly possible for a man to be out of prison, and yet not free — to be under no physical constraint and yet to be a psychological captive, compelled to think, feel and act as the representatives of the national State, or of some private interest within the nation, want him to think, feel and act.

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The nature of psychological compulsion is such that those who act under constraint remain under the impression that they are acting on their own initiative. The victim of mind-manipulation does not know that he is a victim. To him, the walls of his prison are invisible, and he believes himself to be free. That he is not free is apparent only to other people. His servitude is strictly objective.

Aldous Huxley,
XII. What Can Be Done?
Brave New World Revisited

Liberal forms will serve to mask a profoundly illiberal substance

The constitutions will not be abrogated and the good laws will remain on the statute book; but these liberal forms will merely serve to mask and adorn a profoundly illiberal substance. Given unchecked over-population and over-organization, we may expect to see in the democratic countries a reversal of the process which transformed England into a democracy, while retaining all the outward forms of a monarchy. Under the relentless thrust of accelerating over­population and increasing over-organization, and by means of ever more effective methods of mind-manipulation, the democracies will change their nature; the quaint old forms — elections, parliaments, Supreme Courts and all the rest — will remain. The underlying substance will be a new kind of non-violent totalitarianism. All the traditional names, all the hallowed slogans will remain exactly what they were in the good old days. Democracy and freedom will be the theme of every broadcast and editorial — but democracy and freedom in a strictly Pickwickian sense. Meanwhile the ruling oligarchy and its highly trained elite of soldiers, policemen, thought-manufacturers and mind-manipulators will quietly run the show as they see fit.

Aldous Huxley,
XII. What Can Be Done?
Brave New World Revisited

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